Kilmore House and the Hickmans
Kilmore House was a large eighteenth century, two-storey house over a basement. It was located
in the townland of Kilmore, just one mile from the village of Knock, parish of Kilmurry McMahon, Co. Clare. In the 1901 census it was entered as having 24 rooms. In the advertisement of the Limerick Chronicle 1861,
giving notice of a Household Furniture and Outdoor Auction, we receive information that the house contained; hall, dining
room, breakfast parlour, drawing-room, pantry, cellar, house closet, billiard room, 6 bedrooms, 6 servants’ bedrooms
and kitchen. Walter Hickman came into possession of the Kilmore Estate in 1686 and it was held by his descendants as Landlords
until dispossessed by the Hogan Land Act, 1923.
The house faced southwest over Clonderlaw Bay and was approached by a short drive from the northwest.
There was a courtyard and buildings adjoining the north of the house and an extensive farmyard and buildings some distance
to the north, separated from the courtyard by kitchen and formal gardens. The site of the ancient Kilmore church and churchyard
is in the field to the south- west. Walter Hickman was the second son of Gregory Hickman, a merchant of Hamburgh, by Jane
Hubbert of Dromore. He married daughter of Henry Hart, Commissary General of Ireland, by whom he had two sons. Henry the eldest,
married Margaret Poole, and commanded his own regiment during Queen Anne’s reign. The Hickman Vault in Kilmurry McMahon
graveyard has an inscription “Here lies the body of Margaret Hickman wife to Col Henry Hickman daughter to
Sir William Poole who parted this life 6 of 7 Anodo 1707”. Poole Hickman,
who died on July 1st 1842, had an annual income of three thousand pounds and “a place or mansion or demesne
fully suited as a residence for a gentleman of rank and fortune”. From the family vault in Kilmurry McMahon graveyard
we learn that he was aged 59 years at the time of his death. Kilrush Church of Ireland records have recorded Edmond, son of
Poole and Leticia of Kilmore born in 1773. This would suggest Poole’s parents were Poole and Leticia Hickman. The Clare Journal January 19th 1893 gives the following information on Poole Hickman’s
will “Poole Hickman ….will dated June 6, 1842 …he demises the estate to his sisters, Mrs. Dwyer and Miss
Hickman for their lives, and on their death to Colonel Henry Hickman for his life, and on his death to the present owner,
Francis Gore, now Francis Gore Hickman” Now this Mrs. Dwyer was Mary Hickman, wife of Morgan O’Dwyer of Tullaheady,
Co. Tipperary. Her death is recorded in the Clare Journal dated November 6th 1848. Leticia sister of Poole died
May 2nd 1861 as recorded in the Clare Journal May 9th 1861. They had another sister Anne, who became
wife of Edmond Browne of Newgrove and died in 1836 according to the Clare Journal March 17th 1836. Mary Browne
a daughter of the above couple married Francis Gore of Tyredagh, Co. Clare in 1824. Leticia at Kilmore was an aunt of Mrs.
Gore at Tyredagh. This would mean that Francis William Gore Hickman’s grandmother,
Anne who died in 1836, was a sister to Poole Hickman who died in 1842; Mrs. O’Dwyer who died in 1848 and Miss Leticia
who died in 1861. The entire stock came up for auction on Saturday, 17th
September 1842. The milch cows comprised of Durham, Devon, Ayrshire and Dutch, The Kilmore Estate appears in the Limerick
Chronicle dated Novenber 12th 1851, For Sale by Public Auction in 19 lots in the matter of the Estate of Leticia
Jane Hickman of Kilmore, Spinster and owner. “The Estate now offered for sale is one of the best in the West of Ireland.
It is situated on the banks of the Shannon. The late proprietor resided on it for upwards of forty years, during which time
he expended large sums in permanent and lasting improvements thereon” The advertisement gives us information that the
estate had an area of 4,800 Irish acres. It also informs us that the Tenantry is, for the most part, solvent and respectable,
and there are several Gentlemen’s seats on the Estate. Poole Hickman was Chairman of the Board of health for the Union
of Kilmurry, Clonderlaw established at Knock in June 1832. Leticia Hickman died
2nd May 1861 and was last surviving daughter of Poole Hickman, Kilmore House. Colonel Henry Hickman was the next
successor to Leticia. Francis William Gore of Tyredagh Castle replaced Colonel Henry at Kilmore. . He married Elizabeth daughter
of Pierce O’Brien, J.P., of Durra, Co. Clare in 1878. In that same year Francis William Gore and his issue of Kilmore
House was granted and given by her Majesty the use of the surname and arms of Hickman. Major celebrations followed in the
village of Knock. According to the Land Owners list 1878, Francis William Gore-Hickman of Kilmore owned three thousand and
forty-two acres with a rateable valuation of 1,980 pounds.It may be of interest to mention that in 1855, Bay View House, Kilmurry McMahon was occupied by Francis and
Ellen Gore (nee Studdert) they later moved to Woodlawn House, Knock.. Some of their children were born in both places. There was a great deal of intermarrying between the gentry fine examples include the
marriage of P.H. Gore of Woodlawn to his first Cousin Frances Louisa Studdert of Clonderlaw House in 1911. Poole Hickman’s
mother Ellen (nee Studdert) thus making Poole H Gore and his wife Frances Louisa first cousins.
|Francis William Gore Hickman, J.P. & High Sheriff. pic courtesy of Shay Courtney (copyright)
Francis William Gore Hickman, J.P. & High Sheriff
He was born in 1857 the eldest son of Francis Gore Esq., J.P. and D.L., by his wife Ellen Louisa
daughter of George Studdert, Esq., J.P., of Clonderlaw House, Co. Clare, F.W. Gore Hickman married Elizabeth O’Brien
daughter of Pierce O’Brien J.P. of Durra, Co. Clare in 1878. Their issue; Francis William Gore Hickman born 13th July
1879, he died unmarried 1st December 1940. He was a solicitor based in Ennis.
Poole Henry Hickman born 1880, Percival Gore Hickman born 1881, (died April 24th 1908), Norman Gore Hickman
born 1883, Westropp Gore Hickman born 8th June 1886. Victor Gore Hickman born 9th May 1890. He married
on 29th February 1939 Arabella Jane Hassard, daughter of William FitzSimmons of Blackrock, Co. Dublin. The couple
lived in Dunlaoghaire, Co. Dublin. Thomas O’Brien Gore Hickman born -,
Edmond Ivan Gore Hickman born 12th December 1898. Was attached to Major Connaught Rangers and Cheshire Regt., he
served in World Wars 1 and 11. He died of wounds in hospital at Bruges on June 25th 1940. The daughters; Elizabeth, Irene and Dorothy resided at 48 Northumberland Road, Ballsbridge, Co. Dublin.
Altogether the couple had eleven children. Francis William Gore Hickman was a Justice of Peace and High Sheriff of Clare as
were his predecessors Poole Hickman and Henry Hickman of Kilmore House.
Francis William Gore Hickman died on July 14th 1917.
The Gentry of the country were very much involved in hunts and races and only kept the elite horses.
The Hickmans and Gores were very much involved in this activity. The following extract from the Limerick Chronicle, Thursday
evening, December 11th 1862 gives a fine example of an outing. HUNTING – CAPT. GORE’S HOUNDS; The meet
of this brilliant pack on Monday, the 8th inst, was Clonderlaw, and at the appointed time (10.30) the gallant master
with a few choice spirits were in attendance; a sprinkling of lady equestrians also graced the scene. After drawing about
half an hour, a hare was found, which, after a rattling run of one hour and fifteen minutes (the whole course gone over without
having what might be termed a check) escaped through an aperture into a wine cellar, where it is to be hoped she enjoyed the
full benefit of “port in a storm” without getting the worse of liquor. The rustics who were assembled in great
numbers to witness the sport gave rare vent to their astonishment at the novelty of the retreat discovered by puss…
Some swore ‘twas not a hare the beauty,
But Shiels, the gauger, out on duty,
Who, on the strength of information,
Anent “illicit distillation”
Determined to examine fully
The promise of Mr.-!
Trotted off to a small cover distant about a mile,
found immediately, dashed away, at a clipping pace on to a road which had to be traversed for nearly a mile, then turning
to the right rode over at least six miles of a stiff country, as straight as a crow could fly; the hounds throughout carrying
a breast-high scent, ran into their quarry in most magnificent style in an open field. Time one hour and thirty minutes. Among
those in front ranks throughout the day were the worthy master, R. Reeves, Esq., T. Studdert, Esq., R. Barclay, Esq., the
renowned Terry and one from a distance. Dorothy Gore-Hickman daughter of Francis William Gore Hickman
was a renowned jockey who participated in many hunts and races before departing Kilmore House.
|Captain Poole H. Hickman, B,L. pic courtesy of Shay Courtney (copyright)
Captain Poole Hickman – Clare Champion 4th September 1915
Killed at Gallipoli – Death of Gallant Clare Officer
“Captain Poole H. Hickman, B, L. Kilmore,in this County, was killed in action at Gallopili
in the 15th ult. The sad news caused deep regret throughout the country, for the deceased was a great favourite
amongst all classes. He was very popular in legal circles, and enjoyed a lucrative practice. The deepest sympathy felt for
his family in their sad bereavement, Captain Hickman was only 35 years old. He had a brilliant collegiate course and was a
well known Rugby Footballer being Captain of the famous Wanderers Club in 1908. He was called to the Bar in 1909, at the outbreak
of the war he joined the 7th Dublin Fusiliers as a Lieutenant and was promoted Captain and placed in command of
D Company. In his last letter home, he vividly described the operations on the Peninsula, in which his regiment took part,
between the 7th and 14th August. After landing they were told off to take a hill three and a quarter
miles distant but they not advanced one hundred yards when they were greeted with a hail of shrapnel. It was awe inspiring
but ghastly. The advance continued, the enemy had the range to a yard and a tornado of high exploses and shrapnel swept the
place. The serious business had begun and they were being heavily. The heat was
also intense, a target to the enemy they advanced in long lines and got to about 600 yards of the hill, when they got cover.
The summit was gained and taken at the point of the bayonet, the Turks falling in all directions. It was a magnificent performance,
and they were congratulated on it, and called the place Fort Dublin. It was an achievement which will ever add luster to the
records of the Dublin Fusiliers.”
Hickmans at Sea
Victor Edward Gore Hickman born 1890 and Westropp Randolf Gore Hickman born 1886 both contracted
to the Ship called Glendee, renamed Islamount in 1899. Victor on August 24th 1900 and Westropp on September 22nd
1899 both were sons of Francis William gore hickman. Poole Henry Hickman was born in 1880 and became a captain at sea. In
1911 he married Frances Louis Studdert of Clonderlaw House. Up to recent years paintings of his two ships hung on the wall
of the dining room of Clonderlaw House.
Francis William Gore Hickman (born 1879) became a solicitor and practiced in Ennis many of you
may recall the brass plate ‘Kerin-Hickman-O’Donnell’ on the entrance to his office in Ennis, Co. Clare.
Some interesting notes on the Gores of Woodlawn and the Gore-Hickmans of Kilmore.
From the Clare Journal dated March 9th 1846 their details of a court case involving
the Keanes’ of Summerlodge and Leticia Hickman of Kilmore. The following valuable information in relation to Kilmore
is extracted from the Journal.
“Patrick Keane was employed as agent for Mr. P. Hickman. Mr. Hickman owed £15,000 or £16,000
at his death. James Healy was employed as ploughman. Michael Culligan was driver to Miss Hickman and held part of Summerlodge,
about four and a half acres. Thomas O’Brien was carpenter at Kilmore and John Lynch worked at Kilmore, the latter styled
himself Miss Hickman’s steward, he was ploughing lay ground at 8d per day and is out of employment since Mr. Hickman’s
death. Mr. Augustine Butler of Kilkenny was a friend and near relative of Mr. Hickman. Mr. Hickman took Thomas and George
Keane into employment after their father’s death in 1837, i.e. Patrick Keane. Thomas Keane received Mr. Hickman’s
rents and paid his workmen and servants. Mr. Hickman shed tears at the Patrick Keane’s funeral. Mr. Hickman was an educated
gentleman and ranked with the first gentlemen in the county. James Hanly was ploughman to Mr. Hickman. Thomas Barclay Esq.,
J.P. of Ballyartney House, Labasheeda lived about four miles from Mr. Hickman and visited and dined and wined with him. Thomas
O’Brien and John Lynch both are working carpenters in Mr. Hickman’s employment at Kilmore. Woods was a poultry
boy, he acted as Butler until another was hired, and he received 6/- a year. Mr. Hickman had a gardener named Gleeson. The
original lease of Kilmore was by Marquis of Thomond. Mr. Hickman had an income of over £3,000, he had pins and shirt studs
and Mr. Armstrong of Willowbank presented one set to him. Mrs. Lockhart was in constant attendance on Mr. Hickman during his
illness. Mr. Gore was Mr. Hickman’s nephew in law. John Brooks was 20 year in the employment of Mr. Hickman. William
O’Reagan was steward to Mr. Hickman”. In the 1902 Census of Ireland we get information
that in that Kate Flynn aged 25 years was a domestic servant; Jane Flanagan aged 23 was a cook while Margaret Flaherty was
a nurse all at Kilmore House. Pakie Lynch’s parents worked at Kilmore House. The back avenue to Kilmore House was known
as “Shaws Road”, The auction advertisement dated May 22nd
1861 informs us that the Hickmans had a carriage and two phaetons and also a pleasure yacht fully rigged ten ton burden with
two brass cannon shore guns.
The Hickmans of Kilmore had a number of fishing weirs and the Clare Journal of Thursday February 22, 1917 gives the information that “a
splendid salmon, weighing 48 and a half lbs was taken at the Kilmore Church Weir, Knock the other day. This fishery belongs
to Mr. F.W.G. Hickman”.
|At Woodlawn House, Pre. 1936 Miss Nina, Miss Eda, Mrs. Henn & Mrs. F.L. Gore
The Gores at Woodlawn House
The Gore family arrived in 1866 from Bayview House, Kilmurry McMahon. The 1901 Census lists Ellen
Gore as head of family, a retired lady and widow aged 56 years and is wife of the late Col. Francis Gore. Edith her daughter is aged 30 years while another daughter Georgina is aged 29 years their brother Herbert
is aged 32 years. Poole Hickman was a captain at sea and in 1911 married his first cousin Frances Louisa Studdert of Clonderlaw
House. The above photograph shows three sisters at Woodlawn L to R Miss Nina Gore, Miss Edith
Gore and Mrs. Helen Leticia Elizabeth Henn of Paradise House. To the extreme right is their first cousin Mrs. Frances Louisa Gore of Clonderlaw House. Mrs. Henn died
in May 1936, while Miss Eda died on January 9th 1936. Mrs. Gore at Clonderlaw died in August 1951. The last two
survivors at Woodlawn were spinsters Nina and Edith Gore. The late Jackie Lynch of Knock
worked there as did his sister Nell and their aunt Annie Lynch.
The Link with Lissadel House
Nina Gore used to travel to her relatives the Gore-Booth family at Lissadel House in Sligo. She
often spoke of her contacts with Constance Gore-Booth Markievicz and Eva Gore-Booth, both were friends of William Butler Yates,
who was a regular visitor to Lissadel. Maud Gone McBride was also one of the Gore-Booths. Afternoon tea at Woodlawn was quite
common and Woodlawn and the Bennetts’ of nearby Oaklands house were regularly
entertained. Woodlawn House became unoccupied in 1936 and is now in ruins.
|August 1911--the wedding of Cpt. Gore & F.L. Studdert of Clonderlaw House.
Dear Old Kilmore
Francis William Gore Hickman often referred to his mansion and demesne as “Dear Old Kilmore”
and “Lovely Kilmore” It is also said when he missed the crows from nesting near the house he said to his Misses
“We’ll be leaving lovely Kilmore.”
In March 1920 the British Government reinforced the
Royal Irish Constabulary with ex-soldiers nicknamed the ‘Black and Tans’ because they were a mixture of police
and army uniform. The Auxiliaries, who were ex-officers, joined them in August. Both forces engaged in atrocities, torturing,
burning, and killing and in an undisciplined way. The Irish for their part were unmerciful in their treatment of crown forces
or suspected informers, and IRA ‘flying columns’ carried out many successful ambushes. It is reputed that the
skeletons of two tans were located at Kilmore behind two-flagstones some years after the troubles. Many of the ‘big houses’ of the Anglo-Irish gentry were burned down. Kilmore House was no exception.
Prior to the burning of Kilmore House, we learn of a shooting, the Saturday record dated July 17th 1920, has the
following report WEST CLARE SHOOTING – STEWARD SERIOUSLY WOUNDED. A desperate shooting outrage is reported from Kilmore,
Knock, West Clare, the victim being Alexander R. Martin, who acts as steward and land agent for Mr. F.W. Hickman, Kilmore
House, who was badly wounded on Tuesday morning. About half past six Mr. Martins attention was drawn to the road outside the
lodge, and he went there when, it is stated, there were shots fired. Mr. Martin returned the fire from his revolver, and he
was returning to the house another shot was fired, the bullet, striking him on the back towards the right side, and going
out the other side, passing through the lung, he fell in the passage outside the house. It was found that the wires around
the place had been out; Mrs. Martin was unable to send for a doctor or convey tidings of the outrage to the outside world.
Word came to Ennis at a late hour and Mr. Hickman motored with Dr. Counihan, County Inspector Holmes, and military from Ennis,
and during the night he motored to Limerick for Dr. Kennedy. At the latest accounts the sufferer was somewhat easier, but
very bad from loss of blood. It is stated that there had recently been trouble with workmen on the estate. Mr. Martin was
formerly a well- known assistant to the Sub-Sheriff of Clare, and “Superintendent of derelict farms” in Clare.
Another report in the district states that the object of the attacking party was the taking of some men who were working for
Mr. Martin in the place.. Patrick Hassett of Burrane, Killimer was accidentally shot at Kilmore House in June 1920. Patrick
Hassett one of a group of IRA men arrived at Kilmore to enforce a Court Order on the steward, Mr. Martyn. The steward registered
his disapproval and immediately opened fire with a revolver. He was shot down and critically wounded. The accidental discharge
of a comrade’s gun resulted in the wounding of Patrick Hassett. After an interval of four days, due to transportation
difficulties, he was removed to a Limerick Hospital where he died the next day. The IRA of the district were responsible for
the burning of Kilmore House on Sunday July 30th 1922. Prior to this, the house had been looted of its valuable contents even
some cattle and horses of good pedigree were driven out. The ‘ranch’ as it was referred to was ‘a free for
all’ as commonage until 1931. It was in that year the Kilmore Demesne was divided by the Land Commission to the small
farmers of the district. Mr. F.W.G. Hickman, D.L., received compensation of £39,647 for the burning and looting of Kilmore
House, the appropriation of his lands, as well as a number of cattle and horses etc!. The people of Knock and the surrounding
districts had a feeling of hostility towards the parties involved in the burning of Kilmore House. The locals had a good neighbourly
and working relationship built up with the Hickmans.
Some Press Cuttings:-
The Burning of Knock police barracks, courthouse and dispensary. Saturday Record, April 10th
1920. GREAT BURNING AT KNOCK. On Saturday night the Knock police barracks, courthouse and dispensary were burned to the ground
by a large party of armed and disguised men, who used explosives. Nothing but the four walls remains. The courthouse and dispensary
formed one house, a substantially built two-storey building attached to the barracks on the east side. They were private property
owned by Mr. Hickman. The police and military were on the scene some time ago. The police and military were on the scene on
Sunday and Monday making searches in the district but up to the time of writing no arrests were made.
Saturday Record April 24th 1920
Heavy lists of claims for compensation in connection with the late burnings R.I.C. Barracks, Knock.
Mr. F.W.G. Hickman, D.L. (Knock Barracks, Dispensary and Courthouse £3,000).
Saturday Record, April 24th 1920
ANOTHER DISPENARY AT KNOCK; The Guardians of the Kilrush Union at their last meeting decided to
open a dispensary at Knock in place of the recent burned down with the Police Barracks.
The Saturday Record, October 10th 1921 – Attack on Kilmore House.
At the Ennis Quarter Sessions Judge Bodkin, K.C., heard an application for £500 from Mr. F.W. Hickman,
solr., in connection with an attack on Kilmore house, near Kilrush. Mr. G. Cullinan B,L. (instructed by Messrs Kerin and Hickman,
solrs., appeared for the applicant. Evidence of the attack upon the house was given by Sergeant O’Dwyer, Kilrush, who
said on the 8th of May he received a report of an attack upon Kilmore House, to which he and a party of police
proceeded. He found the house had been attacked and damaged; four windows were destroyed; damage was done to the library and
drawing room. There were gun-shot marks on the ceiling. The house at the time was unoccupied by a caretaker. He understood
that a party of armed men made an attack upon the house. Applicant gave evidence of his visit to the house, after the occurrence.
He found the house was set fire to in different places. The windows were riddled with bullets. Mr. J. Lynch estimated that
it would cost £30 to repair the book-case in the library of the house. Mr. Slade, Architect, Limerick, estimated that £91
19s would be required to repair the damage done to the house. His Honor awarded
applicant £135 compensation, with £16 10s expenses.
Saturday Record 18th March 1922 – Shooting at Knock, West Clare
A shooting incident took place at the village of Knock on Saturday night week, which was fortunately
unattended by any serious results. It appears that at about half past eight, as Mr. Richard Behan, caretaker of Kilmore House,
Knock, was in the act of going into the house, a shot was fired at him. He was knocked with the shock, and while on the ground
a second shot was fired at him. He was slightly wounded on the arm and back and was removed to St. Joseph’s Hospital,
Kilrush. On Sunday morning District Inspector Cummins, visited the scene of the shooting, but so far no arrests have been
made. There is a dispute going on in Kilrush for some time in connection with the dividing up of this land. Some time ago
Mr. Martin was caretaker of the place, was fired at and seriously wounded. Some young men from the district were then arrested
and imprisoned in connection with the case, the principal Crown witness at the time being kidnapped.
In an old ledger containing purchases at Culligans Bar/Grocery, Knock for the year 1922 The IRA
have given their address as Kilmore. The purchases commence on June 1st 1922 and end on July 26th during
this period the goods mainly purchased are bread, oil and tea.
Also contained in this ledger are the almost daily purchases of special whiskey, malt, gin, stout
and tobacco by the Gores of Woodlawn and the Gore-Hickmans of Kilmore. May 3rd 1917 was the last transaction in
this book at Culligans’ for Kilmore House. This was the year in which F.W.G.Hickman was called to his eternal reward.
The Hickmans never returned to Kilmore with the exception of a visit by F.W.G. Hickman, D.L., in
an inspection to identify some of the looted furniture. Members of the Hickman family scattered to Dublin, England, Canada
The site of Kilmore House is now that all remains the stones from the mansion were used to construct
several houses within the area; a few to mention – Shannons’ of Drumdigus, Brownes of Drumdigus, Grogans of Kilmore
and Morans of Knock.
|Kilmore House in its glory. (pic courtesy of Shay Courtney)
Extracts from the Saturday Record August 1st 1924
DESTRUCTION OF KILMORE HOUSE AND PROPERTY.
SOLICITOR’S IMPORTANT COMPENSATION CLAIM.
The most important claim for compensation heard by Judge Bodkin at the special Quarter Sessions
at Ennis was that applied by Mr.F.W.Hickman, solr, for the destruction of his mansion and other valuable property at Kilmore,
near Kilrush, W. Clare. The original amount claimed was £50,000, subsequently amended to £39,647 in respect of the destruction
of the mansion, its contents, out-offices, walls and fences; destruction of trees and kitchen garden, fisheries, and the appropriation
of his lands, as well as a number of cattle and horses…Mr. Hickman was the owner of the estate of Kilmore. It consisted
of a demesne of 500 acres, on which was grown a very large amount of timber and a mansion house in which were 28 apartments…Soon
after Mr. Hickman’s father’s death, his mother and sister, who were living in the house, were made the object
of attacks, annoyance and threats, as a result of which they had to leave County Clare and go to reside in London. Attacks
upon attacks were made upon the place, the walls and fences were knocked, and his cattle driven and sold and other people’s
cattle were driven on to the demesne to graze. Those outrages culminated in the burning down of the mansion and the whole
premises attached. All the out-offices were dismantled and torn to pieces and taken away. Attention was next directed to the
trees, of which 1900 were destroyed. Many of them was of the finest possible timber, being mostly forest trees…..On
the 27th of February Mr. Hickman received this notice signed by Frank Barrett, Officer Commanding….who was
Commander of the Republican forces in this county……”you are hereby ordered to leave your residence at Kilmore,
Knock, which, with your entire property, is confiscated in the name of the Executive Council of the I.R.A….signed on
behalf of the Executive Council I.R.A. – Frank Barrett”……Mr. Hickman to whom was written a letter
dated 25th June 1922, “H.Q., 5th Brigade, 1st Western Division – Re the confiscation
of the property of Mr. F.W. Gore Hickman at Kylemore, Knock acting under orders from G.H.Q., I as Brigade Commandant, West
Clare, confiscated the property, effects and stock on the above estate as a reprisal for the extermination of the Catholic
population in Ulster. A proclamation was issued at the time to the effect. The cattle on the estate were sold by the officers
of B.Company, Kilmurry McMahon, 2nd Batt., by my orders and the proceeds of the sale were handed over to the Brigade
Q.M. at Brigade H.Q., Cappa, Kilrush, the officers concerned not receiving one penny of the proceeds. This explanatory letter
is written as it has come to my knowledge that certain individuals made grave allegations against the above officers, to the
effect that they sold the cattle on their own authority and benefited by the proceeds – signed S.McInerney, Brigade
Comdt.”……Mr. Hickman had fisheries on the Shannon near his demesne. The net proceeds from those would be
£500 and £600 a year. Those fisheries were used by those parties for one year and then destroyed. ….On the 3rd
of February 1922 his cattle were driven. The military authorities of the Free State sent out troops to occupy the house, and
when the split came and the divided forces it was they who took everything. They remained in occupation of the house until
March when everything was confiscated.
…..The bullocks and heifers
taken and sold were valued for him by Mr. Corbett at £1,594, there were 32 bullocks at £32 each and 11 heifers at £34 each;
one milch cow at £30, one in-calf cow at £35, one calf £5, and a working horse £140. The insurance value of the furniture
was £1,000. His fisheries were also destroyed. Those would have to be replaced and would cost £756 16s 6d with spare materials
£101 10s 3d. He also claimed for loss in being deprived of the fisheries, the average takings from which for four years, he
estimated at £854 9s 4d and his net profit would be £450. Mr. Wm. J. Corbett valued the cattle at £1,594. Mr. Joseph Lynch,
Limerick, valued the furniture destroyed at £1959. Two large Empire bookcases he valued at £250.
Sources and Acknowledgements
Br. Sean McNamara, Ennis
Haulie Hassett, Vincent
Moran, Mary Kelleher, Maura Culligan
Dr. Hugh Weir, Whitegate
Deborah Rynne, Ennistymon
Michael Howard, Knockerra
Peter at the Manse (Clare
County Library, Ennis)
|Miss Dorothy Hickman late of Kilmore and Dublin.